Downloads   Galeries   Forums   Audios   Vidéos   Liens   Livre d´or   Partenaires   Contact   
  Accueil
  Actualité
  Régions/Peuples
  Historique
  Sawanité
  Le Ngondo
  Tourisme
  Littérature
  VIP
  F.A.Q
  Agendas
  Evénements
  Annonces
  Projets
  Communauté



      


17.06.2006

BRIEF HISTORY of THE BAKOSSI 

The general name "Bakossi has come to refer to the people on the immediate western and eastern slopes of Mount Mwanenguba and Mount Kupe who share Ngoe as a common ancestor. According to oral tradition, Ngoe is said to have "appeared on Manenguba Mountain." He and his wife settled on the western slopes at Mwekan and had many children, the number and birth order differing according to oral traditions of the various clans. From these slopes their offspring migrated to different areas. However, two sons, Anngoe (Nninong) and Ngemengoe (Bangem), remained with their father in the north.

One son, Asomengo, was prompted by a family clash to move southward, occupying land which stretched from a little south of Muambong to the Ngomelenge (Efoto) River (near Mambanda), and from Mount Kupe in the east to the Mungo River in the west. Some of Aso Mengo´s children, however, remained north. Over time, some lines of descendants aligned themselves with Anongoe´s children (Nninong) at Elom, becoming the "Elom-e-Nninong." The others who insisted on their original identity became known as "Elom-e-Muetan."

Another son, Kaahmogue (Elung), clashed continually with his brothers in his pursuit of land. Among Kaahnogue´s children, however, there were two groups of "deserters" who wanted to settle and stop fighting: the Elung (who remained in the area) and the Balong (who migrated farther south).According to one tradition, the Nhia were those who left the Nninong clan to gain land in the highlands (present day villages of Mwabi, Poala and Ekambeng). It is said by some that the Elung clashed with the Nhia and nearly brought them to extinction-a claim that both the Nhia and Elung deny. In fact, the Nhia and Elung themselves say that there was never strife between them for lang. The Nhia also refuse to acknowledge that they are of Nninong origin and instead insist that their origin is from Ngoe through Kaahngoe (Elung). Today relations between Nhia and Elung are more cordial and fraternal than between Nhia and Nninong.

After the various brothers had migrated, there was a lack of cohesion among the descendants of Ngoe due to internal conflicts. The coming of the Europeans caused additional conflict, first between chiefs and colonial administrators, but particularly between clans. Bakossi from Nyasoso helped the Germans defeat the Bakossi of Mwasundem and the Nninong helped the Germans defeat Ellung, events that resulted in strong enmity between these clans.

After World War I, Cameroon was given by a League of Nations mandate to the French and British governments. The dividing line passed through Bakossi land and continual changes brought confusions, divisions, interclan and intertribal difficulties. Independence followed for the French sector and the time of Cameroon´s reunification in which there was intense bitterness between opponents and supporters of the reunification within the Bakossi.
As early as 1936 the setting up of a combined appeals court set the stage for the unity of at least some of the sons of Ngoe under a single administration. In 1953, all of Bakossi came together under one indigenous authority known as Kumba Eastern Area Federation. In 1963, the "Bangem" District was created incorporating all of Bakossi, but in 1968 this was split into Bangem (Northern Bakossi) and Tombel (Southern Bakossi). In 1977, the common Bakossi Council for these two areas was also split into Bangem (Northern Bakossi) and Tombel (Southern Bakossi).
Bakossi share ancestry with the Bafaw, Bakundu, Balong, Bassossi, Mbo, Abo, Miamilo, Baneka, Muaneman, Muange, Bareko, Bakaka, Babong, Balondo, Manehas, Bongkeng, and Bakem.

Source: bacda.org
 

Source:  | Hits: 33816 | Envoyer à des amis  ! | Imprimer ! | Réagir(0)

PLUS DE NOUVELLES


  LE NGONDO : UN HERITAGE CULTUREL ET TRADITIONNEL
( | 07.12.2006 | 34000 hits  | 0 R)

  Le trésor que l’Allemagne doit au Cameroun
( | 07.12.2006 | 30386 hits  | 0 R)

  le rideau est tombé sur les cérémonies du Ngondo 2006
( | 06.12.2006 | 27990 hits  | 0 R)

  Le message du NGONDO 2006 - L’UNITE ENTRE TOUS LES CHEFS
( | 04.12.2006 | 27597 hits  | 0 R)

  Ngondo : Le vase sacré attend recevoir le message ancestral
( | 30.11.2006 | 27341 hits  | 0 R)

  Ngondo 2006 Kicks Off by. Joe Dinga Pefok, PostNewsLine
( | 29.11.2006 | 30273 hits  | 0 R)

  Interview du Chef Supérieur Deido Essaka Ekwalla Essaka
( | 18.11.2006 | 26600 hits  | 0 R)

  Origine du Ngondo
( | 15.11.2006 | 29455 hits  | 0 R)

  Ngondo: Espoir d´une jeunesse déracinée.
( | 15.11.2006 | 27193 hits  | 0 R)

  Ngondo 2006: Le Programme officiel
( | 15.11.2006 | 26003 hits  | 0 R)

  LA VEILLEE DU NGONDO
( | 14.11.2006 | 32129 hits  | 0 R)

  LE NGONDO.....par Maître DOUALA MOUTOME
( | 14.11.2006 | 29251 hits  | 0 R)

  La célébration du Ngondo
( | 14.11.2006 | 26980 hits  | 0 R)

  LE NGONDO - Le Paradis Tabou - Autopsie d´une culture assassinée - Ebele Wei ( Valère EPEE)
( | 12.11.2006 | 36578 hits  | 3 R)

  Temoignage: Ces pionniers qui s’en vont
( | 11.11.2006 | 33469 hits  | 0 R)

  LE BOURBIER IVOIRIEN (par Sam Ekoka Ewande)
( | 08.11.2006 | 24921 hits  | 0 R)

  Initiatives : le pied du Dr Paul Ngallè Menessier à l’étrier
( | 30.10.2006 | 37450 hits  | 2 R)

  ACTION de GRACE du Dr. MENESSIER
( | 30.10.2006 | 33878 hits  | 1 R)

  SAMUEL EBANDA II - Le muezzin de la culture camerounaise gravement malade
( | 29.10.2006 | 37563 hits  | 0 R)

  NJO LEA : LE REVE BRISE
( | 26.10.2006 | 30169 hits  | 0 R)

  Eugène Njo-Léa : Au bout d’une triste prolongation…
( | 25.10.2006 | 40613 hits  | 4 R)

  LE “KABA NGONDO” - exposition "Lambo la tiki" Douala
( | 24.10.2006 | 42629 hits  | 0 R)

  PEUPLE SAWA: avant de passer à l´action - TROISIEME FEUILLE DE ROUTE
( | 22.10.2006 | 43510 hits  | 2 R)

  Aftermath of the Trial
( | 22.10.2006 | 31707 hits  | 0 R)

  Epilogue
( | 22.10.2006 | 29419 hits  | 0 R)

  Mpondo´s Reply
( | 19.10.2006 | 38666 hits  | 0 R)

  The Charges
( | 19.10.2006 | 36634 hits  | 0 R)

  Dr. Levi´s Defense
( | 19.10.2006 | 35866 hits  | 0 R)

  The Story of Mpondo Akwa (1905): Overview of the Legal Context
( | 16.10.2006 | 51962 hits  | 2 R)

  The Story of Mpondo Akwa (1905): Background to the Trial
( | 16.10.2006 | 44801 hits  | 0 R)

  The Story of Mpondo Akwa (1905): Dr. Moses Levi of Altona defending Prince Mpondo from Kamerun
( | 12.10.2006 | 48051 hits  | 1 R)

  Moukouri Manga Bell : L’opposant à la retraite
( | 12.10.2006 | 28012 hits  | 0 R)

  Adolf Lotin Same, fondateur de la 1ère Eglise Africaine au Cameroun
( | 07.10.2006 | 56823 hits  | 1 R)

  Le Pasteur LOTIN SAME
( | 06.10.2006 | 50771 hits  | 2 R)

  Rires et larmes pour Eboa Lotin
( | 06.10.2006 | 39299 hits  | 0 R)

  Eboa Lotin comme vous ne l’avez pas connu : Protais Ayangma : l’écorché vif que j’aimais
( | 06.10.2006 | 38852 hits  | 0 R)

  Hommage à un poète bantou: Eboa Lotin chroniqueur du quotidien
( | 06.10.2006 | 38211 hits  | 0 R)

  Hommage à EBOA LOTIN, poète, artiste et journaliste
( | 06.10.2006 | 37382 hits  | 0 R)

  Hommage appuyé à Eboa Lotin
( | 06.10.2006 | 36935 hits  | 0 R)

  Réaction sur l´article "Le Pasteur Lotin Same"
( | 06.10.2006 | 36841 hits  | 0 R)

  Eboa Lotin, neuf ans déjà
( | 06.10.2006 | 36723 hits  | 0 R)

  La classe de l’oncle Tom
( | 06.10.2006 | 36256 hits  | 0 R)

  L´Intérieur de la nuit - Léonora Miano
( | 06.10.2006 | 25102 hits  | 0 R)

  Suzanne Kala Lobé : Il tournait ses souffrances en dérisions
( | 06.10.2006 | 38933 hits  | 0 R)

  Rires et larmes pour un poète bantou : Trente jours pour rendre hommage à Eboa Lotin
( | 06.10.2006 | 46032 hits  | 2 R)

  ENCORE ET TOUJOURS LE HAPPENING; par Sam Ekoka Ewande
( | 04.10.2006 | 30066 hits  | 0 R)

  COMMUNAUTE URBAINE DE DOUALA
( | 04.10.2006 | 29390 hits  | 0 R)

  Christine Njeuma: Cameroon´s Pioneer Female Pilot
( | 28.09.2006 | 38232 hits  | 0 R)

  Sarah Etonge, one of the greatest Sawa woman athletes
( | 28.09.2006 | 33218 hits  | 0 R)

  Bana Ba Nyué de Adrien Eyango
( | 28.09.2006 | 22561 hits  | 0 R)



   0 |  1 |  2 |  3 |  4 |  5 |  6 |  7 |  8 |  9 |  10 |  11 |  12 |  13 |  14 |  15 |      ... >|



Jumeaux Masao "Ngondo"

Remember Moamar Kadhafi

LIVING CHAINS OF COLONISATION






© Peuplesawa.com 2007 | WEB Technology : BN-iCOM by Biangue Networks